City improvement districts in South Africa: An exploratory overview


  • Clinton Heimann Department of Provincial and Local Government, South Africa
  • Mark Oranje University of Pretoria, South Africa


City Improvement District, South Africa


This article discusses the City Improvement District as a recent phenomenon in urban South Africa. The reason for doing so stems from a lack of basic information on the concept in the local literature. The findings, based on a study conducted in the second half of 2004 and including all the Improvement Districts in operation in the country at that time, are presented in three key areas of the concept – land use profiles, financial aspects and services rendered. This is done within the context of the international situation with regards to the concept, and compared with an international study conducted in 2003, as basis.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Heimann, C., & Oranje, M. (2008). City improvement districts in South Africa: An exploratory overview. Town and Regional Planning, 53, 14-25. Retrieved from



Review articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>