Reconceptualising ecofascism in the Global South: an ecosemiotic approach to problematising marginalised nostalgic narratives


  • Helen Cawood
  • Xany Jansen van Vuuren University of the Free State



ecosemiotics, ecofascism, nostalgia, solastalgia, Global South


This paper provides an argument for the need to reconceptualise ecocritical concepts that have naively been regarded as central, and thus global, scholarly concepts. Focusing in particular on ecofascism, the paper argues that if such a concept is to be explored in a Global South context, certain concepts associated with ecofascism and anti-progress in the Global North, such as nostalgia, need to be revisited. Such an attempt is made in this paper by introducing the concept of solastalgia to explain the intense dis-ease experienced by a loss of place (caused by, for instance, environmental destruction), and the consequent necessity for different kinds of responses and actions. By situating this study within the paradigm of critical ecosemiotics, focus is placed on the significance of locality (rather than globality) in understanding the relationship between nature and culture, and thereby re-addressing western ecofascist critique.


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