From the editor
JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND PLANNING
Peter Hall, in his book “Cities of Tomorrow” writes in one chapter about the city of enterprise and mentions that about 30 million people lost their job in the United States in the seventies. It had a tremendous influence on city planning in the sense that instead of controlling development, planners became the people who encouraged development in all possible ways. Thereafter, good urban planning was regarded as a way to create jobs even though it affected the environment adversely. This is also the mentality characterising the pioneer existence of countries. Growth is promoted at all cost and any restriction is disregarded. South Africa’s development originated largely with the discovery of raw materials in the country as well as the government of General JBM Hertzog (1924-1939) with its policy of “South Africa First”. This government realised that not only can we export raw materials, but we must process it to become an industrial country. ISCOR and ESKOM were established under his rule, which would form the basis of the future development of this country, unlike most African states that would stay supply regions for the colonial powers.
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