The art of creating futures - practical theology and a strategic research sensitivity for the future

  • J. A. van den Berg University of the Free State, South Africa
  • R. R. Ganzevoort VU University, Netherlands & University of the Free State, South Africa


This paper explores a futures perspective for practical theology. Although there are some examples of a future orientation, a systematic futures perspective has not been developed. Building on futures studies (including predictive studies on foresight and design and architecture studies), the authors propose a methodological model for future-sensitive practical theology, accounting for the probable, possible, and preferable. The model results in three modes in which practical theology can employ a future orientation: utopian, prognostic-adaptive, and designing-creative.


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